Each of the major style guides has specific guidelines for citing information found online. The most basic level is the web site. However, information online can be in a variety of formats from journal articles in databases to electronic books to email — each of which requires different citation rules. For example, APA identifies over 20 variations of online publications. The following is just a quick look at how the major style guides recommend formatting a simple web site.
The basic format for citing Web sites in APA style:
Author’s name [last name, first name and any middle initials]. (Date of Internet posting or revision, use “n.d.” if no date). Title of page. In Title of complete work [if applicable]. Retrieved from http://Web address [URL or DOI].
[expand title=”Example with Author(s)”]Neyhart, D. & Karper, E. (2012, May 30). APA formatting and style guide. In Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ [/expand]
[expand title=”Example without an Author”] American Psychological Association. (2011).”Basics of APA Style”. APAStyle.org. Retrieved from http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx [/expand]
The basic format for citing Web sources in Chicago style:
Author’s name (last name, first name). “Title of Web Page.” Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date (if available) and/or access date. URL.
[expand title=”Example with Author(s)”] Clements, Jessica, et al. “Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition.” Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Last modified November 20, 2011. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/ [/expand]
[expand title=”Example without an Author”]“Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide.” The Chicago Manual of Style Online. Accessed August 29, 2011. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html.[/expand]
The basic format for citing Web sources in MLA style:
Author or editor’s name (last name first). Name of site. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available, use n.d. of no publishing date given). Medium of publication. Date of access.
[expand title=”Example with Author(s)”]Russell, Tony, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, and Russell Keck. MLA Formatting and Style Guide. Purdue University Online Writing Lab, 2012. Web. 9 Aug. 2012.[/expand]
[expand title=”Example without an author”] MLA Style. Citesource, n.d. Web. 9 Aug. 2012.[/expand]
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2009). Washington, DC : American Psychological Association.
Last updated 8/23/2012 by Sue Thompson